Responsibilities of School Principal
To ensure high quality teachers, Principals have the responsibility to develop and implement Performance Appraisal process. All of the school processes need to be explicitly aligned to what the principal is trying to achieve in his school. Appraisal becomes an engine for on-going school improvement. Effective appraisal should be seen as an evidence of improving valued outcomes. The performance appraisal provides an opportunity to engage in meaningful dialogue about their performance with the Principal, consider the support they need in order to achieve their performance goals & identify ways in which their professional growth can be enhanced.
Branding is envisaged as a corporate term but schools are some of the most apparent brands we see. Managing a school brand can be an arduous task with so many people being responsible for outward communications. That is where a simple set of brand guidelines can come to the rescue. The school principal along with school owner is responsible to identify school’s unique competitive advantage & showcase it. It acts as on enrollment catalyst & help in recruitment of talented teachers. Brand internalization, the process of understanding and living the values through every aspect of a school’s function, becomes the bedrock of laying down a well-understood culture. If this is done well, the image of a school spreads through every brand touch-point, and becomes a continual self-generating process. It is all about telling the school’s story, telling it well, and unravelling it continuously.
After identifying possible sources of funds a school head, as a financial planner, has to draw up a plan for securing and expending the resources. For the plan to be expressed as a school budget a head needs to have some knowledge and experience of designing and managing a budget. The school owner is often trapped between Parent's expectations, increased recurring expenditure & state regulations to justify the required fees hike. A well defined school budget can help you get support from all and justify the raised fees as well.
School Heads have to deal with numerous types of parents and some of them are difficult to handle – The over involved parents, the absent parent, the demanding parent, the defensive parent, the uncooperative parent. Parent involvement actually declines as students grow older, so that it is less in secondary schools than in elementary. Successful parent involvement improves not only student behavior and attendance but also positively affects student achievement.
School principals often are so busy or so cautious that they don't get to know their local reporters. Schools often overlook the fact that getting coverage of events and accomplishments can be as easy as letting local newspapers, radio stations, and cable TV channels know what's going on. Developing a good rapport with the media, as well as a solid plan for marketing a school are easy to do and can pay big dividends. In case of any eventuality in the school premises, the school principal along with the owner has to handle the situation. No matter how awful or how minor, if an incident has captured the attention of the school or the community, the school representative should be prepared to talk about it publicly and immediately.
Like a manager in other business arenas, school principals are leaders of employees. They must motivate and monitor the performance of teachers and office staff. Principals typically participate in the hiring process for new teachers and are part of their orientation to the building and classroom. Each teacher is also normally evaluated every few years to ensure competent classroom performance. It is the responsibility of the Principal along with the HR Manager to ensure that the right teachers are appointed and the talented staff is retained. At the end of each year, the departure of few teachers is lamented. The stability of a teaching staff has an impact on student success and on staff morale. The principal is also responsible for creating a stress free culture for his staff. A staff grievance committee can be formed to look into issues of staff.
Teachers are responsible to draft an effective lesson plan & the school principal has to ensure its effectiveness & implementability. The principal should ensure that the lesson plan is made keeping in mind objectives of student learning, activities to keep them engaged, strategies to check student understanding.
In the classroom, discipline is regarded as a code of conduct that both teachers and students agree upon and cooperate in its enforcement. This includes educating students, and often parents, on behavioral conduct codes. Principal is also responsible to develop a system of consequences for misbehavior which may include detentions and suspension. In some schools, the principal also plays a lead role in implementing discipline. If a student gets into trouble in a class, he is sent to the principal's office. The principal discusses the behavior, explains any potential consequences and contacts parents in some circumstances. In extreme cases of violence or illegal activities, the principal may refer a student to the school board for possible expulsion. Once the rules are set by all learning and teaching participants, it will be hard for them to deny or refuse disciplinary action in case of any transgression of the rules. Discipline is providing a fear free environment in which positive teaching and positive learning can occur simultaneously. It is important to have a basic set of rules for students to follow. If your students know what you want from them, they are more likely to exhibit the type of behavior you want. These regulations will help maintain classroom management and discipline.
Research shows that school leadership is second only to teaching in having an impact on student achievement. The progress and success of all students is contingent on effective leadership throughout the system to guide and support teaching and learning. Hence, an effective principal ensures that teaching leads to learning.
The principal has to ensure safety & security of his school kids. The principal has to establish procedures whereby the access of visitors to the school can be monitored and controlled. He ensures that fire drills are conducted as required by regulations and see that all staff within the school are familiar with all procedures to be followed in case of a fire. It is the responsibility of school principal to inspect the school grounds and school buildings to see that they are free from hazards which might cause accidents and he shall notify the proper authorities of any conditions which need to be remedied. The Principal is responsible to control the use to be made of school buildings and grounds in accordance with Board Policy.
School Principal has the responsibility to improve the year on year enrolments of students. He is also responsible to establish a smooth & transparent admission process.